Overview: NoodleTools formats citations according to the most recent editions of the MLA, APA and Chicago Style handbooks.

This article applies to: 

✔︎ NoodleTools School Subscription

✔︎ NoodleTools Individual License

✔︎ NoodleTools MLA Lite

✔︎ NoodleTools Express


NoodleTools formats citations according to:




  • Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition (2017)
  • Updated regularly based on additional advice from Style Q&A website
  • Notes-Bibliography formatting only
  • Note: When there are discrepancies between CMOS and Turabian's A Manual for Writers (currently in its 9th edition), NoodleTools generally adopts the CMOS formatting. Since they are published at different times, they are not always completely in sync with formatting advice.

A note about citation of legal sources:

NoodleTools follows MLA's advice for citing legal sources that assumes users are not in the legal profession, applying MLA's own special legal citation formatting. Conversely, APA and Chicago style largely follow Harvard Law Review Association’s Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, with a few style-specific tweaks.